"Book" in Latin. Books became popular in the fourth century, replacing the rolled manuscript. Their advantages were several. Unlike rolled manuscripts, both sides could be written on, and information could be retrieved quickly. (It is hard to imagine, for example, that the Codex Justinianus [q.v.] would have been as popular and useful a legal tool had it been issued in rolled manuscripts.) Once the folded pages, called quires, were stitched and bound, a book was also more durable than a rolled manuscript. Exquisite page illustrations (called illuminations or miniatures) and rich bindings could make it a thing of beauty, reflecting the owner's status. Pocket-sized codices of the Gospels, the Psalms (psalters [q.v.]), and biographies (vitae [q.v.]) of saints, encouraged meditation and prayer. Book illuminations, many with rich gold backgrounds, were highly prized and exerted a significant influence over the art of Byzantium's (q.v.) neighbors in the West, also in Armenia, Georgia, Bulgaria (e.g., the Codex Suprasliensis), and Rus (qq.v.). Much of what modern audiences perceive about Byzantium have come through exhibits and reproductions of its art, including illuminated books.

Historical Dictionary of Byzantium . .

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  • codex — codex …   Dictionnaire des rimes

  • Codex — Codex …   Deutsch Wörterbuch

  • CODEX — Tablettes de bois reliées entre elles, sur lesquelles les Romains écrivaient un texte; au Moyen Âge, ce terme désigne tous les manuscrits à folios brochés. Le codex est généralement protégé par une reliure qui peut être simplement de cuir ou bien …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Codex — • The name given to a manuscript in leaf form, distinguishing it from a roll Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Codex     Codex     † …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • codex — CÓDEX s.n. v. codice. Trimis de hai, 22.06.2004. Sursa: DEX 98  códex s. n., pl. códexuri Trimis de siveco, 10.08.2004. Sursa: Dicţionar ortografic  CÓDEX codexuri n. înv …   Dicționar Român

  • Codex — (röm. Ant.), 1) Baumstamm; 2) Klotz, welchen Sklaven, daran geschmiedet, nach sich schleppten, um am Fliehen gehindert zu werden; 3) aus einem Stamm ausgehöhlter Kahn; 4) Handschrift, Buch, Gesetzbuch; daher 5) ein Buch, namentlich ein aus… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • codex — manuscript volume (especially an ancient one), 1845, from L. codex (see CODE (Cf. code)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • Codex — Co dex, n.; pl. {Codices}. [L. See {Code}.] 1. A book; a manuscript. [1913 Webster] 2. A collection or digest of laws; a code. Burrill. [1913 Webster] 3. An ancient manuscript of the Sacred Scriptures, or any part of them, particularly the New… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Codex — (lat.), s. Kodex …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Codex — (lat., Mehrzahl Codĭces), die zu einem Buch verbundenen Schreibwachstafeln der Römer; nach der Erfindung der Buchdruckerkunst s.v.w. alte Handschrift (C. manuscriptus), z.B. C. argentĕus, die mit silbernen Buchstaben geschriebene, zu Upsala… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Codex [1] — Codex, lat., Baumstamm, ferner hölzerne Tafel, auf welche eine Schrift eingegraben wurde, sodann hölzerne Tafel mit Wachs überzogen zum Beschreiben mittelst des Griffels; endlich Buch, besonders großes …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

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